Common Issues Surrounding Periodontitis
Are you suffering from periodontitis? Actually, this is among the top reasons why people lose their teeth or suffer from serious oral problems. It’s very common among adults aged thirty years and up, and even young adults who were not as mindful of their dental hygiene and care in their childhood and teenage years. This article aims to give you the information on the whole issue surrounding periodontitis, its treatments and diagnosis.
For starters, it is a gum infection that needs a thorough dental treatment. This will result to a tooth loss if not treated immediately. Periodontal disease or gum disease includes gingivitis and periodontitis. This type of gum disease is caused by bacterial infection due to poor oral hygiene. If you are suffering from gingivitis and properly treated, this will cause to periodontitis. Usually the condition causes gums to bleed and inflamed.
The symptoms of this periodontitis include red gums, sore gums, sour taste in the mouth, swollen gums, bleeding gums, sensitivity on teeth, pulling away of gums on teeth, teeth loss, dentures fitting poorly, difficulty chewing and biting and bad breath. Some people suffering from this serious oral disease usually experiencing few symptoms but if few symptoms could be felt, it is still best to consult your dentist to avoid tooth loss.
This condition usually arises from many factors. Mostly people having vitamin C deficiency usually suffer from bleeding gums and tooth loss. Plaque buildup is also one of the causes of periodontitis. There are also several types of periodontitis that you should consider and they are aggressive periodontitis, chronic, periodontitis related to some conditions and necrotizing periodontal disease.
Aggressive periodontitis is a bacterial disease of the teeth that occurs before the aged thirty five and usually common to prepubescent children. The first sign includes swelling of gum tissue and usually occurs with pain or sometimes there is no pain. Chronic periodontitis is the most common types of periodontitis and the inflammation occurs slowly and may result in tooth loss not properly treated. Some periodontitis can occur due to other health problems like heart diseases, diabetes and lung disorder.
If you are suffering from symptoms of periodontitis, make sure to visit your dentist immediately for proper treatment. During your visit your dentist will ask you about the history of your disease. Then the inspection of your teeth and gums is being observed especially the color and the firmness. Your dentist would also test your teeth for looseness and the fitness of your teeth together. Mostly, x-ray is requested to know if you are suffering from bone loss due to periodontitis. Your dentist would also use a periodontal probing in testing for gum diseases.
Prevent this to happen by brushing your teeth regularly for at least two to three times after meals. Use a soft bristled tooth brush and replace your toothbrush if there is wear. Soft bristled toothbrush is superior in removing plaque of your teeth. Brush your teeth effectively and take your time when brushing and also brush your tongue. Have regular floss and a regular checkup from your dentist.
Untreated periodontitis can lead to severe kinds of diseases. So, don’t be afraid to visit your dentist for proper treatment. As it’s often said, an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure. Besides, caring for your gums and teeth lessens the risks of heart and other cardiovascular diseases, as well as far more serious ailments that keep you from giving out your best smile more often!
Crowing About Toothache
When you take care of the natural teeth in your mouth, there will be no toothache to crow about. Toothache refers to the pain caused by tooth or jaw problems such as dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, gum disease, disease of the jaw joint, or muscle spasms when chewing. The severity of a toothache can range from mild to chronic excruciating pain. The pain may be aggravated by chewing, cold, or hot temperature of food or liquids taken through the mouth. Dental x-rays can help determine the cause whether the toothache is coming from a tooth or jaw problem.
It is possibility that a toothache may be caused by a problem not originating from a tooth or the jaw. Pain around the teeth and the jaws can be symptoms of diseases of the heart such as angina or heart attack, ear infections, and even a sinus infection. The pain of angina is usually located in the chest or the arm. However, in some patients with angina, a toothache or jaw pain are the only symptoms of their heart problem. Since infections and diseases of the ears and sinuses can also cause pain around the teeth and jaws, evaluations by both dentists and doctors become necessary to diagnose medical illnesses causing “toothache.”
Dental cavity is the most common cause of toothache. Dental cavities are holes in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel and the dentin. These layers serve to protect the inner lining of the tooth tissue called the pulp, where blood vessels and nerves reside. Bacterial infections in the mouth convert simple sugars into acid which softens and dissolves the enamel and dentin, thus, creating cavities. Small shallow cavities usually do not cause pain and may be unnoticed by the patient. It is the larger deeper cavity that becomes irritated by bacterial toxins when food debris collect causing toothache. Foods that are cold, hot, sour, or sweet can also cause pain.
Dental filling is usually the treatment for small and shallow cavities, while larger cavity involves an on-lay or crown. For cavities that have penetrated and injured the pulp, treatment requires either a root canal procedure or extraction of the affected tooth. Pulp injury can lead to the death of pulp tissue, resulting in tooth infection or dental abscess. The root canal procedure involves removing the dying pulp tissue and replacing it with an inert material to save the dying tooth from extraction.
Gum disease or gingivitis is considered to be the second most common cause of toothache characterized by the inflammation of the soft tissue and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place. This condition is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in “plaque” that accumulate over time along the gum line. Gum bleeding without pain is an early symptom of this disease while pain is of more advanced gum disease symptom as the loss of bone around the teeth leads to the formation of gum pockets. Advanced gum disease can cause loss of otherwise healthy teeth.
Early gum disease is treatment involves oral hygiene and removal of bacterial plaque. Thorough cleaning of the teeth and teeth roots called “root planing” and “subgingival curettage.” Root planing is the removal of plaque and tartar from exposed teeth roots while subgingival curettage refers to the removal of the surface of the inflamed layer of gum tissue. Both of these procedures are usually performed under local anesthesia and may be accompanied by the use of oral antibiotics to overcome gum infection or abscess. Follow-up treatment may include various types of gum surgeries. In advanced gum disease with significant bone destruction and loosening of teeth, teeth splinting or teeth extractions may be necessary.